All You Need To Know About Menstruation!
Padman is one of the mindset changing movie for the society towards menstruation. The same society which earlier saw it with a disdainful look now started talking about how to help the woman during that period.
The monthly bleeding cycle of a woman refers to Menstruation cycle. It is one of the significant sign of a woman body indicating that her body is working normally. It prepares your body for the pregnancy and keeps your body healthy with important body chemicals called hormones. The average menstruation cycle is for 28 days but it can vary from 3 weeks to 6 weeks. The count for this cycle starts from the first day of bleeding till the next period.
The menstruation involves the monthly shedding of the female uterus lining last from 3 days to 5 days for a particular cycle. It is a hormonal driven cycle in which the egg ovulated after the 14 days of your last bleeding and if does not get fertilized, then the body starts dissolving the egg and another cycle begins approximately after the 28 days from the previous period. The average age of the first period for girls varies between 8 years to 15 years.
Estrogen is a female hormone that helps to keep the body healthy. In the first half of the menstruation cycle, the level of this hormone rises and makes the thin lining of the uterus. In case of pregnancy, this lining nourishes the embryo. With the average of 28 days cycle, on the 14th day, the ovulation starts when the egg leaves ovary with the lining of womb growing and the ovaries get mature. After leaving the ovary, via Fallopian tube, the egg travels to the uterus. As the estrogen level rises, it also helps uterine line to get prepared for the pregnancy. Prior to 3 days till ovulation, a woman can conceive the pregnancy. The woman with shorter or longer menstrual cycle can ovulate before or after 14 days.
When the egg fertilizes with the sperm, the pregnancy arises and the egg gets attached to the uterine wall. In case the egg is not fertilized, it will break apart. The thick lining of the uterus starts shedding and the hormone level drops.
Typically a menstruation cycle of 28 days goes as below
Day 1: As tissue lining the uterus breaks down, you experience bleeding from the vagina. The hormone level drops and the first day of your period starts.
Day 7: By now the bleeding usually stops and the hormones develop several follicles containing an egg on the ovaries. These follicles are fluid-filled pockets.
Day 7 – Day 14: Only one follicle r teaches the maturity and the lining of the uterus starts to thicken. And become rich in nutrients and blood. It is ready to implant the fertilized egg.
Day 14: Ovulation arises as the mature follicle burst and releases the egg from ovary due to hormones.
In next few days, the egg travels through the fallopian tube towards uterus and gets attached to the lining of the uterus if get fertilized with the male sperm. In case, if the egg does not get fertilized, the hormone level will get dropped by around Day 25 indicating the next menstrual cycle. The egg breaks apart and your body dispose-off the blood and lining tissues with the next period.
Problems women may experience during menstruation
Skipping periods, Pain and heavy bleeding is the three major problems that women can face during their periods.
It is the absence of the menstrual period in women which can cause due to pregnancy, eating disorders, breastfeeding, extreme weight loss, serious medical conditions and excessive exercising. As the menstrual cycle indicates that your body is working normally, the absence indicates that the ovaries are not producing the sufficient estrogen which also has an adverse impact on your overall health.
Women and girls who do not have periods more than 90 days and the young girls who have not started menstruating by the age of 15 should consult the doctor.
With the presence of too much of prostaglandin, teens generally experience the menstrual cramps. Although these cramps could be severe causing extreme pain, however, this is not a serious disease. Medicines like Ibuprofen and Naproxen can be used to attain some relief. But in older women, uterine fibroid causes severe cramp which is a disease.
In case you observe the symptoms as follows then it will be the symptoms of abnormal uterine bleeding
- Bleeding after sex
- Bleeding after menopause
- Bleeding between the periods
- Bleeding heavier for the longer time
If you observe any of the above symptoms, you should immediately consult your doctor as the health issues such as polyps, uterine fibroids and cancer could be one of the reasons. For teens and the women near menstruation, the hormonal changes cause irregular cycles and sometimes longer periods too.
Menstruation is an indication of a good health and it is associated with the fertility of a woman. You need to take care of proper hygiene to reduce the inconvenience during your menstrual cycle.